Helium Soundbar

Helium Soundbar


Designer:
Scott Sehlin

Project Category:
Home Theater

Project Level:
Intermediate

Project Time:
8-20 Hours

Project Cost:
$100 – $500

Project Description:
The Helium Soundbar is a DIY soundbar that features the SMSL Q5 Pro DAC/Amplifier, which has a great feature set for typical soundbar funcationality and a variation of the Helium Micromonitor design to give big sound in a small package.

Design Goals:
I wanted to build a soundbar with a height and depth of approximately 4″x4″ and a length of approximately 2 feet in order to create something that would work either hanging on the wall under large or small flatscreen TV’s or on a desktop hooked to a computer. I wanted the ability to add a subwoofer, but also wanted enough bass capability so that music or tv would still be somewhat enjoyable without a sub – a major step up from what is built into TV’s or monitors.

Driver Selection:
The size requirements eliminated most woofers from consideration. The Dayton ND-91 drivers work really well in the small boxes. Not only do they produce a lot of bass, but they also handle quite a bit of power before complaining – especially considering that it is a 3″ driver. I decided to go with the 8 ohm version (290-226) for this project to minimize the current demands on the small SMSL amplifier.

The Dayton ND16FA-6 (275-025) is a small, inexpensive tweeter that sounds good and has wide dispersion, which is desirable in a soundbar application for room-filling sound.

Enclosure Design:
The approximate dimensions of 4″x4″x24″ were chosen to be less than or equal to the width and mounting depth of most typical screen TV installations. The 4″ height would allow placement in front of some screens without obstructing the picture. The tweeters and woofers are placed close to the edges of the enclosure to maximize stereo separation. There are two solid braces on either side of the amplifier to isolate the woofer’s air space from each other and minimize any air leaks that might occur around the amplifier. Ports fire out the ends of the enclosure, which allows the use of simple, straight 3/4″ by 4″ PVC sections. The actual cabinet depth was extended to 4.75″, which allowed the connectors on the rear of the amplifier to be completely recessed into the rear surface of the enclosure.

Enclosure Assembly:
The enclosure was build using 1/2″ plywood. Plywood was chosen primarily to reduce weight relative to fiber board products. Enclosure construction was mostly straightforward. Four 4″ by 24″ pieces were cut to form the top, bottom, front and rear of the enclosure. Four 3″ by 4″ pieces were cut to form the ends of the enclosure and the two internal braces. The ND-91 requires a simple 3″ mounting hole and the ND-16 uses a 1.25″ hole, which fits just right with a little sanding. The rectangular cutouts for the amplifer would be a little challenging to get exactly right with normal tools, so a CNC router was used.

I decided to make the rear panel removable, so 1/4″ deep by 1/2″ wide rabbets were cut around the edges of the rear panel and in the areas where the braces intersect with the rear panel. The rabbets allow the rear panel to only add 1/4″ to the overall depth of the enclosure and create a more secure connection between the rear panel and the rest of the cabinet.. Weather stripping was used on the surfaces contacting the rear panel to eliminate leaks or the possibility of any noises caused by an imperfect fit.

Crossover Design:
The crossover schematic is shown in a figure included in this writeup. The woofer has a 2nd order filter and the tweeter has a 3rd order filter with series and parallel resistors to match the tweeter and woofer sound pressure levels. These filters result in an approximately 4th order crossover at 5 kHz, which is well within the comfort zone for both of these drivers. The resulting response is +/- 3dB from the lowest point where my gated response measurement is accurate (about 300 Hz) to 20 kHz.

Conclusion:
The overall sound is similar to the Helium Micromonitors – maybe a little bit deeper bass extension. The SMSL Q5 pro is really the ideal electronics package for this application. It has optical and coaxial digital inputs along with USB and analog inputs. Remote control and a subwoofer out are other key features. There is enough power to get solid volume out of the relatively inefficient ND-91’s. A bluetooth module can be added if desired to one of the inputs (in most cases, this would be hooked to the analog input). All-in-all, this will significantly outperform similarly priced and sized commercial soundbars and is not too difficult to build if you can make the rectangular cutouts for the front and rear of the amp or have them made.

About the Designer:
Scott is an Engineering Manager for a manufacturer of aerospace equipment. He has been designing and building speakers for over 12 years and was a 2015-2016 member of the Parts Express Speaker Building Design Team.

Project Parts List:

SMSL Q5 PRO Stereo Amplifier USB Optical Coaxial DAC with Subwoofer Output 2x40W
Dayton Audio ND91-8 3-1/2″ Aluminum Cone Full-Range Driver 8 Ohm
Dayton Audio ND16FA-6 5/8″ Soft Dome Neodymium Tweeter
ERSE 1.5mH 18 AWG I Core Inductor Crossover Coil
ERSE 0.33mH 18 AWG Perfect Layer Inductor Crossover Coil
Audyn Cap Q4 1.0uF 400V MKP Metalized Polypropylene Foil Crossover Capacitor
Audyn Cap Q4 2.7uF 400V MKP Metalized Polypropylene Foil Crossover Capacitor
3 Ohm 5W Resistor Wire Wound 5% Tolerance
15 Ohm 5W Resistor Wire Wound 5% Tolerance
Dayton Audio DNR-40 40 Ohm 10W Precision Audio Grade Resistor

 

1 comment

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  1. 1
    Gregg Palmer

    I was wondering about a sound bar and there you were. I have a love for electronics and have always wanted to learn more than the little I know, so I can appreciate those that do know and build on it. I have found the Parts Express people to be a bit snobbish to those who ask dumb questions, so I don’t ask any more. I just watch and try to learn what I can from others. I want to build a TV stand and integrate the sound bar into it, and add blue tooth for rear speakers, maybe a sub too. If anyone does build something like that and it costs less than a mid-priced Bose system, I’ll be reading (providing it’s not all show what you know jargon).

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